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How Much Does Junior Doctor Earn in the UK?

Are you curious about the financial side of a career in medicine? How much do those hardworking junior doctors actually earn in the UK? Well, look no further! In this blog post, we are going to dive deep into the world of medical salaries and uncover all the juicy details. Whether you’re a budding medic or simply interested in understanding healthcare economics, join us as we unravel the mysteries behind junior doctor earnings and shed light on one of Britain’s most sought-after professions. Get ready for some eye-opening facts and figures that will leave you both informed and inspired!

Introduction to Junior Doctors

How Much Does Junior Doctor Earn in the UK?

Junior doctors in the UK are foundation-year doctors who have completed their medical degrees and are in the process of completing their postgraduate medical training. Junior doctors earn a salary that is determined by their banding based on their experience and qualifications. The Junior Doctors in the UK makes money with an average salary of £33,000 per year.

Qualifications and Training Required

To become a junior doctor in the UK, you must first complete a degree in medicine, which takes five or six years. You then need to complete two years of foundation training and two years of core medical training. After that, you can apply for a speciality training program, which will take another three to eight years.

You must also pass the Medical Licensing Examination and be registered with the General Medical Council (GMC). Once you have completed your training, you may need to pass further exams to become a consultant or an academic doctor.

You must also keep up-to-date with the latest developments in medicine and may need to attend regular continuing medical education (CME) courses throughout your career.

Roles and Responsibilities

Roles and Responsibilities

The roles and responsibilities of a junior doctor in the UK can vary depending on their specific training grade and the speciality they are working in. However, I can provide you with a general overview of the typical roles and responsibilities of a junior doctor in the UK healthcare system:

Patient Care: Junior doctors are responsible for providing direct clinical care to patients under the supervision of senior doctors. This involves assessing patients, taking medical histories, performing clinical examinations, ordering and interpreting diagnostic tests, and formulating treatment plans.

Ward Duties: Junior doctors often work as part of a multidisciplinary team in hospital wards. They are responsible for managing the day-to-day care of patients, including monitoring vital signs, administering medications, carrying out procedures, and ensuring the smooth running of the ward.

Documentation: Junior doctors are responsible for maintaining accurate and up-to-date patient records, including writing progress notes, discharge summaries, and other relevant documentation. This helps to ensure clear communication between healthcare professionals and continuity of care.

Communication: Junior doctors are required to effectively communicate with patients, their families, and other healthcare professionals. This involves explaining medical conditions, discussing treatment options, obtaining informed consent, and providing emotional support to patients and their families.

Continuity of Care: Junior doctors are responsible for ensuring the continuity of care for patients. This includes:

  • Actively participating in handover meetings
  • Attending ward rounds
  • Liaising with other healthcare professionals involved in the patient’s care

Education and Training: Junior doctors are expected to continuously develop their medical knowledge and skills through various educational activities, such as attending teaching sessions, workshops, and conferences. They may also be involved in teaching and supervising medical students.

Professional Development: Junior doctors are encouraged to engage in professional development activities, such as participating in audits, research projects, and quality improvement initiatives. This helps to enhance their clinical skills, critical thinking abilities, and understanding of evidence-based medicine.

Compliance with Policies and Guidelines: Junior doctors must adhere to the policies, guidelines, and ethical principles set by their employing organisation, regulatory bodies, and relevant professional bodies. This includes maintaining patient confidentiality, practising within their scope of practice, and following best clinical practices.

How Much Does Junior Doctor Earn in the UK?

How Much Does Junior Doctor Earn

The salary of a junior doctor in the UK is determined by several factors, including their level of experience, training grade, and the number of hours worked. The following information provides a general overview of the salary range for junior doctors in the UK as of September 2023:

Foundation Year 1 (FY1): FY1 doctors are typically in their first year of postgraduate training after medical school. The basic annual salary for FY1 doctors starts at around £28,000 and can increase with additional hours, on-call duties, and location supplements.

Foundation Year 2 (FY2): FY2 doctors are in their second year of postgraduate training. The basic annual salary for FY2 doctors generally starts at around £33,000 and can increase with additional hours, on-call duties, and location supplements.

Core Training: After completing the foundation years, junior doctors undergo further training in a specific speciality called core training. The salary for core trainees starts at around £38,000 per year and increases with each year of training.

Speciality Training: Once core training is completed, junior doctors progress to speciality training in their chosen field, such as surgery, psychiatry, or paediatrics. The salary for speciality trainees starts at around £48,000 per year and increases with each year of training.

Additional Benefits for Junior Doctors

In addition to their salary, junior doctors in the UK also receive a number of additional benefits. These can include things like:

  • Pension scheme
  • Death in service cover
  • Medical indemnity insurance
  • Reimbursement for training and exams
  • Free or discounted membership to professional organisations

These benefits can add up to a significant amount of money over the course of a doctor’s career and can make a big difference to their overall earnings.

Challenges Faced by Junior Doctors

how much does junior doctor earn

Junior doctors in the UK face a number of challenges. The most significant challenge is the high workload. Junior doctors often work long hours and are on call for night shifts and weekends.

Another challenge is the pressure to meet targets. Junior doctors are under pressure to meet targets the government and NHS bosses set. This can lead to them feeling stressed and anxious.

There is also a lack of support from senior staff. Many junior doctors feel that they do not have enough support from senior staff members. This can make it difficult to cope with the demands of the job.

Junior doctors often have difficulty finding time to study for exams and keep up with their medical training. This can make it difficult to progress in their career.


Although the salary of a junior doctor in the UK is not as high as that of more senior medical personnel, it is still relatively competitive and can increase with further qualifications and experience. Junior doctors are essential to our healthcare system, and their knowledge and expertise contribute significantly to patient care. If you are considering becoming a junior doctor in the UK, it’s important to understand how much you will be earning so that you can make an informed decision about your career path.


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